主席宮廷画家 (イギリス)

主席宮廷画家(しゅせききゅうていがか、英語: Principal Painter in Ordinary)は、イングランド王国グレートブリテン王国グレートブリテン及びアイルランド連合王国の官職。十数名の芸術家が歴任し、そのほとんどが肖像画家である。王宮画家英語版とは別の官職であり、テューダー朝国王専属画家英語版King's Painter)と類似した官職である。ニコラス・ヒリアードなども似たような役割を果たしたものの「主席宮廷画家」と正式に任命されることはなく、最初の任命は1689年に就任したジョン・ライリー英語版とされる[1]

主席宮廷画家の一覧編集

主席宮廷画家の自画像編集

脚注編集

  1. ^ Bucholz, R. O., ed. (2006). "The artistic establishment: Painters, Menders and Surveyors of the Pictures". British History Online (英語). London. 2019年7月4日閲覧
  2. ^ Sharpe, K.; Lake, P. (1993). Culture and Politics in Early Stuart England (英語). Stanford University Press. p. 223. ISBN 978-0-8047-2261-2. 2019年5月1日閲覧
  3. ^ Sainty, J.C.; Bucholz, R.O. (1997). Officials of the Royal Household, 1660–1837: Department of the Lord Chamberlain and associated offices. Office-holders in modern Britain (英語). University of London, Institute of Historical Research. p. 51. ISBN 978-1-871348-40-8. 2019年5月1日閲覧In 1660 Lely was appointed 'Limner and Picture Drawer', being succeeded in 1681 by Riley as 'Painter and Picture Drawer'.
  4. ^ Chilvers, I. (2003). The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists. Oxford paperback reference (英語). Oxford University Press. p. 530. ISBN 978-0-19-953294-0. 2019年5月1日閲覧
  5. ^ Sainty, J.C.; O, B.R. (1997). Officials of the Royal Household, 1660–1837: Department of the Lord Chamberlain and associated offices. Office-holders in modern Britain (英語). University of London, Institute of Historical Research. p. 52. ISBN 978-1-871348-40-8. 2019年5月1日閲覧... succeeded in 1681 by Riley as 'Painter and Picture Drawer'. In 1684 Verrio, appointed exceptionally by royal warrant, was designated 'Chief First Painter'. From 1689 'Principal Painter' was the recognized description of the office.
  6. ^ Knox, G.; Pellegrini, G.A. (1995). Antonio Pellegrini, 1675–1741. Clarendon studies in the history of art (英語). Clarendon Press. p. 47. 2019年5月1日閲覧.. with the great ceiling of the Banqueting House in Whitehall. In 1684, the Italian Antonio Verrio became 'Principal Painter', and for five years worked on grandiose projects at Windsor Castle. With the Revolution of 1688, Verrio fell out of favour ...
  7. ^ Chambers's Encyclopedia. Chambers's Encyclopedia (英語). Pergamon Press. 1967. p. 246. 2019年5月1日閲覧... (1646–1723), portrait painter, was born in Lubeck on 8 Aug. 1646 and first ... On Lely's death in 1680 Kneller came to share the royal patronage with Riley (died 1691).
  8. ^ Winn, J.A. (1992). "When beauty fires the blood": love and the arts in the age of Dryden (英語). University of Michigan Press. p. 347. ISBN 978-0-472-10339-3. 2019年5月1日閲覧... as Principal Painter to the King, first in a joint appointment with Riley (1689), then on his own (1691); King William had ...
  9. ^ Chilvers, I. (2017). The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists. Oxford Quick Reference (英語). OUP Oxford. p. 726. ISBN 978-0-19-102417-7. 2019年5月1日閲覧
  10. ^ Moore, A.W.; Crawley, C.; Norwich Castle Museum (1992). Family & friends: a regional survey of British portraiture (英語). HMSO. p. 34. ISBN 978-0-11-701506-7. 2019年5月1日閲覧The archives at Raynham contain an account for work carried out by Charles Jervas, reputedly Sir Robert Walpole's favourite painter and Principal Painter to the King since 1723.
  11. ^ Rogers, D.B.P.L.A.P.; Rogers, P.; Rosenberg, M. (2004). The Symbolic Design of Windsor-Forest: Iconography, Pageant, and Prophecy in Pope's Early Work. G – Reference, Information and Interdisciplinary Subjects Series (英語). University of Delaware Press. p. 78. ISBN 978-0-87413-837-5. 2019年5月1日閲覧
  12. ^ Clarke (1834). The Georgian Era: Political and rural economists. Painters, sculptors, architects, and engravers. Composers. Vocal,instrumental and dramatic performers. The Georgian Era: Memoirs of the Most Eminent Persons, who Have Flourished in Great Britain, from the Accession of George the First to the Demise of George the Fourth (英語). Vizetelly, Branston and Company. p. 190. 2019年5月1日閲覧
  13. ^ Phillimore, W.P.W.; Whitear, W.H. (1897). Historical Collections Relating to Chiswick (英語). Phillimore. p. 175. 2019年5月1日閲覧
  14. ^ Smith, H. (2006). Georgian Monarchy: Politics and Culture, 1714–1760. Cambridge Studies in Early Modern British History (英語). Cambridge University Press. p. 77. ISBN 978-0-521-82876-5. 2019年5月1日閲覧... The appointment of Kent – famed as a landscape and interior designer but no portraitist – gave rise to derogatory remarks ...
  15. ^ Redgrave, S.; Redgrave, F.M. (1878). A Dictionary of Artists of the English School: Painters, Sculptors, Architects, Engravers and Ornamentists: with Notices of Their Lives and Work (英語). G. Bell and sons. p. 388. 2019年5月1日閲覧
  16. ^ Ormond, R. (1977). The Face of Monarchy: British Royalty Portrayed (英語). Phaidon. p. 30. 2019年5月1日閲覧
  17. ^ Pech, H.T.; Peabody, S.H.; Richardson, C.F. (1900). The International Cyclopædia: A Compendium of Human Knowledge. Revised with Large Additions. The International Cyclopædia: A Compendium of Human Knowledge. Revised with Large Additions (英語). Dodd, Mead. p. 415. 2019年5月1日閲覧... On his return, being introduced to the Prince of Wales, afterward George III., he rapidly rose into favor, and in 1767 was appointed principal painter to the king.
  18. ^ Reynolds, J. (1824). The Complete Works of Sir Joshua Reynolds: First President of the Royal Academy : with an Original Memoir, and Anecdotes of the Author. The Complete Works of Sir Joshua Reynolds: First President of the Royal Academy : with an Original Memoir, and Anecdotes of the Author (英語). T. M'Lean. p. 64. 2019年5月1日閲覧On the death of Mr. Allan Ramsay, in 1784, Sir Joshua was sworn as principal painter in ordinary to the King ...
  19. ^ Agnew, J.H.; Bidwell, W.H. (1858). The Eclectic Magazine: Foreign Literature (英語). Leavitt, Trow & Company. p. 136. 2019年5月1日閲覧In 1784 he succeeded Allan Ramsay as principal painter in ordinary to the King ; and after an unrivaled career as a ...
  20. ^ Seymour, C.C.B. (1858). Self-made men (英語). Harper. p. 371. 2019年5月1日閲覧In the catalogue of 1792 he is described as "Thomas Lawrence, a principal painter in ordinary to his majesty." The year previous he had been elected an associate of the Royal Academy.
  21. ^ The Art Journal. British periodicals in the creative arts (英語). Virtue and Company. 1902. p. viii. 2019年5月1日閲覧... On the death of Sir Joshua Reynolds in 1792, Lawrence had been elected painter to the Dilettanti Society, and at the same time the King appointed him to succeed the late President as Principal Painter in Ordinary. During the ...
  22. ^ Anderson, W. (1877). The Scottish Nation: Or, The Surnames, Families, Literature, Honours, and Biographical History of the People of Scotland. The Scottish Nation: Or, The Surnames, Families, Literature, Honours, and Biographical History of the People of Scotland (英語). A. Fullarton & Company. p. 641. 2019年5月1日閲覧
  23. ^ Tromans, N. (2007). David Wilkie: The People's Painter: The People's Painter (英語). Edinburgh University Press. p. 100. ISBN 978-0-7486-3084-4. 2019年5月1日閲覧
  24. ^ Chilvers, I.; Osborne, H. (1988). The Oxford dictionary of art (英語). Oxford University Press. p. 330. ISBN 978-0-19-860476-1. 2019年5月1日閲覧
  25. ^ Henry, M. (2016). Politics Personified: Portraiture, caricature and visual culture in Britain, c.1830-80 (英語). Manchester University Press. p. 129. ISBN 978-1-5261-1170-8. 2019年5月1日閲覧
  26. ^ Gere, C. (2010). Artistic Circles: Design & Decoration in the Aesthetic Movement (英語). Harry N. Abrams. p. 42. ISBN 978-1-85177-602-3. 2019年5月1日閲覧James Sant, who in 1871 succeeded Sir George Hayter as Queen Victoria's Principal Painter-in-Ordinary, had a successful career as a portrait painter.

関連項目編集