「ウェリントン公爵騎馬像 (旧王立取引所前)」の版間の差分

編集の要約なし
編集の要約なし
[[File:Statue of the Duke of Wellington, Royal Exchange, London EC3 - geograph.org.uk - 1706525.jpg|thumb|right|The statue in 2009. この年にロンドンで開催された[[第2回20か国・地域首脳会合|G20ロンドン・サミット]]の最中に抗議として書かれたと思われる落書きが見える。]]
 
'''ウェリントン公爵騎馬像'''(equestrian statue of the Duke of Wellington)はロンドンの王立取引所前に建つ[[アーサー・ウェルズリー (初代ウェリントン公爵)]], a [[United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland|British]] soldier and statesmanのan outdoor sculpture野外彫刻である<ref name=LR>{{cite web|title=Statue: Duke of Wellington statue – EC2|url=http://www.londonremembers.com/memorials/duke-of-wellington-statue-ec2|publisher=LondonRemembers.com|accessdate=22 September 2014}}</ref>。It overlooks [[Bank junction]] in the historic [[City of London]]. 像はフランシス・レガット・チャントリー(Francis Leggatt Chantrey)の作品で<ref name="Baker2002">{{cite book|author=Margaret Baker|title=Discovering London Statues and Monuments|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=pVJLa5jgzQ4C&pg=PA151|year=2002|publisher=Osprey Publishing|isbn=978-0-7478-0495-6|page=151}}</ref>、commemorates Wellington's assistanceウェリントンの支援 to the City of London in ensuring a bill was passed to allow the rebuilding of [[London Bridgeロンドン橋]].の再建を可能とする法案の通過<ref>http://barryoneoff.co.uk/html/statues2.html</ref>
 
==History==
While sitting for a later portrait by チャールズ・ロバート・レスリー, Wellington recalled that Chantrey had told him he had a square head.<ref name="Gleig1865">{{cite book|author=George Robert Gleig|title=The life of Arthur, Duke of Wellington|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=_Y5QAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA442|year=1865|publisher=Longmans, Green, Reader, and Dyer|page=442}}</ref> After Chantrey's sudden death his studio assistant [[チャントリーが急死し、工房で助手をしていたHenry Weekes]] completed the sculpture.が彫刻を完成させた<ref name=odnb>{{cite web |title = Stevens T. 'Weekes, Henry (1807–1877)', ''Oxford Dictionary of National Biography'' (2004) |url = http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/28969 |publisher= Oxford University Press| accessdate = 2014-09-22}}</ref><ref name=LR/>
 
Wellington ウェリントンはattended 1844年6月18日に行われた自身の像の除幕に<ref name="Baker2002"/><ref name="Timbs1852">{{cite book|author=John Timbs|title=Wellingtoniana: anecdotes, maxims, and characteristics, of the duke of Wellington, selected by J. Timbs|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=BghcAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA66|year=1852|page=66}}</ref> この日は1815年に同じ日、[[ワーテルローの戦い]]、ウェリントンが連合軍を率いて[[ナポレオン・ボナパルト]]に勝利したことを記念して選ばれた<ref name="Wilson1844">{{cite book|author=Effingham Wilson|title=Wilson's Description of the New Royal Exchange, Including an Historical Notice of the Former Edifices: And a Brief Memoir of Sir Thomas Gresham, Knt., Founder of the Original Burse in the Reign of Queen Elizabeth ...|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=RrpCAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA114|year=1844|publisher=E. Wilson|pages=114–116}}</ref>式には[[ヴィクトリア (イギリス女王)]]に会うためロンドンを訪れていたザクセン王[[フリードリヒ・アウグスト2世 (ザクセン王)|Frederick Augustus II]]も出席した<ref name="Wilson1844"/>。
 
==Description==
"Wellington" is inscribed on each side of the plinth; on its ends is the inscription "Erected June 18 1844". 台座の基礎部分には金属の銘板が取り付けられ、以下のように記されている。
 
{{Quote| On 19th July 1838 the Court of Common Council of 年7月19日、the City of London市民議会 agreed to a contribution of £500 toward the cost of the above statue of the Duke of Wellington in appreciation of his efforts in assisting the passage of the London Bridge Approaches Act 1827. This Act led to the creation of King William Street. The government donated the metal, which is bronze from captured enemy cannon melted down after the Battle of Waterloo, and valued at the time at 当時の金で£1500. The total cost of the statue was の価値があった。像の総費用は£9000. であった。The remainder being raised by public subscription.<br>
The sculptor, Sir Francis Chantrey 彫刻家のサー・フランシス・チャントリー(1781 to 1841), was commissioned in 1838 but 作品が完成する前にdied before the work was completed. It was finished by his assistant Henry Weekes (1807 to 1877).<br>
The Lord Mayor, William Magnay, unveiled the statue on 18th June 1844年6月18日に像の除幕を行った, the anniversary of Waterloo, in the presence of his guest the King of Saxony.
Adjoining the statue, a piece of granite from London Bridge (1825 to 1967) has been set into the pavement by the Corporation of London. The elevational stonework from the same bridge was re-erected over the Colorado River in [[レイクハバスシティ (アリゾナ州)]], Arizona, USA, in 1971.<ref name=LR/>}}