「RRKM理論」の版間の差分

fmt
(fmt)
 
'''RRKM理論'''(RRMKりろん、{{lang-en-short|Rice–Ramsperger–Kassel–Marcus theory}})
は{{仮リンク|反応性|en|reactivity (chemistry)|label=化学反応性}}理論のひとつ<ref>{{GoldBookRef|title=Rice–Ramsperger–Kassel–Marcus (RRKM) theory|file=R05391}}</ref><ref name=giacomo>{{Cite journal | doi = 10.1021/ed5001312| title = A Short Account of RRKM Theory of Unimolecular Reactions and of Marcus Theory of Electron Transfer in a Historical Perspective| journal = Journal of Chemical Education| volume = 92| issue = 3| pages = 476| year = 2015| last1 = Di Giacomo | first1 = F. |bibcode = 2015JChEd..92..476D }}</ref><ref name=lindemann>{{Cite journal | doi = 10.1039/TF9221700598| title = Discussion on ?the radiation theory of chemical action?| journal = Transactions of the Faraday Society| volume = 17| pages = 598| year = 1922| last1 = Lindemann | first1 = F. A.| last2 = Arrhenius | first2 = S. | last3 = Langmuir | first3 = I. | last4 = Dhar | first4 = N. R.| last5 = Perrin | first5 = J.| last6 = Mcc. Lewis | first6 = W. C.}}</ref>。1927年にOscar Knefler RiceとHerman Carl Ramspergerにより<ref name=Rice1927>{{citation | last = Rice | first = Oscar Knefler | year = 1927 | title = Theories of unimolecular gas reactions at low pressures | journal = Journal of the American Chemical Society | volume = 49 | issue = 7 | pages = 1617–1629 | doi = 10.1021/ja01406a001 | last2 = Ramsperger | first2 = Herman Carl}}</ref>、
は{{仮リンク|反応性|en|reactivity (chemistry)|label=化学反応性}}理論のひとつ。
更に1928年にはLouis Stevenson Kasselにより<ref name=Kassel1928>{{citation | last = Kassel | first = Louis Stevenson | year = 1928 | title = Studies in Homogeneous Gas Reactions I | journal = The Journal of Physical Chemistry | volume = 32 | issue = 2 | pages = 225–242 | doi = 10.1021/j150284a007}}</ref> 開発された。これをRRK理論と呼ぶ<ref>{{GoldBookRef|title=Rice–Ramsperger–Kassel (RRK) theory|file=R05390}}</ref>。その後、1952年に[[ルドルフ・マーカス]]が、1935年に[[ヘンリー・アイリング]]によって考案された{{仮リンク|遷移状態理論|en|Transition state theory|preserve=1}}を取り入れることで、RRKM理論へと一般化した<ref name=Marcus1952>{{citation | last = Marcus | first = Rudolph A. | year = 1952 | title = Unimolecular Dissociations and Free Radical Recombination Reactions | journal = J. Chem. Phys. | volume = 20 | issue = 3 | pages = 359–364 | doi = 10.1063/1.1700424|bibcode = 1952JChPh..20..359M }}</ref>。RRKM理論により、{{仮リンク|ポテンシャルエネルギー曲面|en|Potential_energy_surface}}に関する少数の特徴から、単分子反応における[[反応速度]]を容易に計算することが可能になった。
<ref>{{GoldBookRef|title=Rice–Ramsperger–Kassel–Marcus (RRKM) theory|file=R05391}}</ref><ref name=giacomo>{{Cite journal | doi = 10.1021/ed5001312| title = A Short Account of RRKM Theory of Unimolecular Reactions and of Marcus Theory of Electron Transfer in a Historical Perspective| journal = Journal of Chemical Education| volume = 92| issue = 3| pages = 476| year = 2015| last1 = Di Giacomo | first1 = F. |bibcode = 2015JChEd..92..476D }}</ref><ref name=lindemann>{{Cite journal | doi = 10.1039/TF9221700598| title = Discussion on ?the radiation theory of chemical action?| journal = Transactions of the Faraday Society| volume = 17| pages = 598| year = 1922| last1 = Lindemann | first1 = F. A.| last2 = Arrhenius | first2 = S. | last3 = Langmuir | first3 = I. | last4 = Dhar | first4 = N. R.| last5 = Perrin | first5 = J.| last6 = Mcc. Lewis | first6 = W. C.}}</ref>
1927年にOscar Knefler RiceとHerman Carl Ramspergerにより
<ref name=Rice1927>{{citation | last = Rice | first = Oscar Knefler | year = 1927 | title = Theories of unimolecular gas reactions at low pressures | journal = Journal of the American Chemical Society | volume = 49 | issue = 7 | pages = 1617–1629 | doi = 10.1021/ja01406a001 | last2 = Ramsperger | first2 = Herman Carl}}</ref>
更に1928年にはLouis Stevenson Kasselにより
<ref name=Kassel1928>{{citation | last = Kassel | first = Louis Stevenson | year = 1928 | title = Studies in Homogeneous Gas Reactions I | journal = The Journal of Physical Chemistry | volume = 32 | issue = 2 | pages = 225–242 | doi = 10.1021/j150284a007}}</ref>
開発された。
これをRRK理論と呼ぶ<ref>{{GoldBookRef|title=Rice–Ramsperger–Kassel (RRK) theory|file=R05390}}</ref>。
その後、1952年に[[ルドルフ・マーカス]]が、1935年に[[ヘンリー・アイリング]]によって考案された{{仮リンク|遷移状態理論|en|Transition state theory|preserve=1}}を取り入れることで、RRKM理論へと一般化した
<ref name=Marcus1952>{{citation | last = Marcus | first = Rudolph A. | year = 1952 | title = Unimolecular Dissociations and Free Radical Recombination Reactions | journal = J. Chem. Phys. | volume = 20 | issue = 3 | pages = 359–364 | doi = 10.1063/1.1700424|bibcode = 1952JChPh..20..359M }}</ref>
RRKM理論により、{{仮リンク|ポテンシャルエネルギー曲面|en|Potential_energy_surface}}に関する少数の特徴から、単分子反応における[[反応速度]]を容易に計算することが可能になった。
 
== 仮定 ==
3,330

回編集