(→‎Subsidiaries: en:Canonical (company)#Subsidiaries (05:30, 19 September 2017 UTC) を翻訳)
{{翻訳中途|1=[http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Canonical_Ltd.&oldid=514322334 "Canonical Ltd." 14:16, 24 September 2012] |date=2012年12月}}
{{基礎情報 会社
|社名 = カノニカル リミテッド
|設立 = 2004年3月5日
|本社所在地 = Blue Fin Building, Southwark Street, London, United Kingdom
|代表者 = [[ジェーン・シルバー]]([[最高経営責任者|CEO]]), [[マーク・シャトルワース]]([[最高執行責任者|COO]])
|業種 = IT関係
|営業利益 = 3065.7 million US$(2009)(2013)<ref>{{cite news |first=Ashlee |last=VanceBrodkin |authorlink= |author= |coauthorsfirst=Jon |url= httphttps://www.nytimesarstechnica.com/2009business/2014/01/11ubuntu-maker-boosted-revenue-in-2013-but-doubled-loss-to-21-million/business/11ubuntu.html?pagewanted=1&_r=1 |title= Ubuntu andmaker itsboosted Leaderrevenue Setin Sights2013 onbut thedoubled Mainstreamloss to $21 million |publisher=NewArs York TimesTechnica | date=2009-01-1113 January 2014 | accessdate=20102015-0405-2809}}</ref>
|従業員数 = 約500名(2012年8月20日現在)550+<ref name='about'>{{cite web|publisher=Canonical Ltd|url=http://www.canonical.com/about-canonical|title=About Canonical|accessdate=2012-08-20|quote=We've come a long way since our launch in 2004. We now have over 500800 staff in more than 3042 countries, and offices in London, Austin, Boston, Taipei, Montreal, Shanghai, São Paulo and the Isle of Man.}}</ref>
|主要子会社 = [[Canonical Group Ltd<br />Canonical USA Inc.#Subsidiaries|<br />Canonical GroupChina Ltd]]<br />Canonical Brasil Ltda<br />Canonical Canada Ltd<br />Canonical Ltd Taiwan Br.
|外部リンク = {{URL|httphttps://www.canonical.com/}}
|特記事項 = Formerly "M R S Virtual Development Ltd"<ref>{{cite web|url=http://portal.gov.im/pvi/CompanyDetails.aspx?company=110334C|publisher=The Isle of Man Companies Registry|title=Company no. 110334C|quote=[ Previous names: ] M R S VIRTUAL DEVELOPMENT LIMITED [ Name type: ] PREVIOUS|accessdate=2005-05-18}}</ref> <!-- aka "MRS. VD"... "M R S" == Mark Richard Shuttleworth --><!-- Canonical UK Ltd. formerly Fieldwave Ltd. -->
'''カノニカル''' (Canonical Ltd. , 旧MRSバーチャルデベロップメント(M R S Virtual Development Ltd.) は[[Ubuntu]]の支援及び開発援助のために、[[マーク・シャトルワース]]が設立した企業。
== 概要 ==
=== オープンソースのソフトウェア ===
*[[Ubuntu]] - [[Unity (ユーザインタフェース)|Unity]]及び[[GNOME]]デスクトップを搭載した[[Debian]]ベースの[[Linuxディストリビューション]]
*[[Bazaar]] - 分散型[[バージョン管理システム]]
*[[Storm]] - Python向けの[[オブジェクト関係マッピング]]であり、Launchpadのコードベースの一部
*[[Upstart]] - 非同期な[[イベント駆動型|プロセス開始処理]]を特徴とする、[[init]]の完全な代替
*[[Quickly]] - Linux向けのソフトウェア作成フレームワーク
*[[Snappy]] - Linuxディストリビューション非依存な[[パッケージ管理システム]]
**PPA - 利用者がソフトウェアリポジトリーを公開するためのシステム
=== プロジェクトとサービス ===
*[[Landscape]] - Ubuntuのシステム管理用Webサービス
*[[Ubuntu One]] - オンラインストレージ・ファイル共有サービス。2014年7月にサービス終了。
==Business plans==
In a ''[[The Guardian|Guardian]]'' interview in May 2008, Mark Shuttleworth said that the Canonical business model was service provision and explained that Canonical was not yet close to profitability. Canonical also claimed it will wait for the business to turn into a profitable one within another 3 to 5 years. He regarded Canonical as positioning itself as demand for services related to free software rose.<ref>{{cite news|last=Moody|first=Glyn|authorlink=Glyn Moody|title='Linux is a platform for people, not just specialists'|date=2008-05-22|accessdate=2008-05-23|url=http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2008/may/22/internet.software|publisher=[[The Guardian]] | location=London}}</ref> This strategy has been compared to [[Red Hat]]'s business strategies in the 1990s.<ref name="model"/> However, in an early 2009 ''[[The New York Times|New York Times]]'' article, Shuttleworth said that Canonical's revenue was "creeping" towards $30 million, the company's break-even point.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.nytimes.com/2009/01/11/business/11ubuntu.html |title=A Software Populist Who Doesn’t Do Windows |publisher=The New York Times |date=2009-01-11 |accessdate=2010-11-08}}</ref>
In 2007, Canonical launched an International online shop selling support services and Ubuntu branded goods; later in 2008 it expanded that with a United States-specific shop designed to reduce shipment times.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.ubuntu.com/news/us-based-shop|title=Canonical launches U.S.-based shop.ubuntu.com in time for holiday season|publisher=Canonical Ltd.|date=2008-11-18|accessdate=2009-02-09|quote=an U.S.-based on-line shop for Ubuntu-branded merchandise and software. With a new fulfillment house in St. Louis, Missouri, shipments are faster and less expensive}}</ref>
At the same time, the word ''[[Ubuntu (philosophy)|Ubuntu]]'' was trademarked in connection with clothing and accessories.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.ipo.gov.uk/ohim?ohimnum=E7426265|title=UK registered trademark #E7426265|publisher=[[UK Intellectual Property Office]]|date=2008-11-27|accessdate=2009-02-09|quote=Mark text: UBUNTU ... Class 16: Stationery; ... Class 18: Luggage; ... Class 25: Articles of clothing ... CANONICAL LIMITED}}</ref>
== 子会社 ==
* Canonical Ltd Taiwan Br. ({{Lang-zh|英屬曼島商肯諾有限公司臺灣分公司}}) - [[台北市]]
==Employees 脚注 ==
[[File:20111102-145438-UDSPrecise-XL.jpg|thumb|Ubuntu Developer Summit October 2011]]
Canonical has over 500 employees.<ref name="about"/> The head office is in London, previously on the 27th floor of [[Millbank Tower]],<ref>http://bazaar-vcs.org/SprintLondonMay07 ("Where?")</ref> but now on the 5th Floor of the Blue Fin Building, [[Southwark Street]].<ref>http://www.canonical.com/about-canonical/contact</ref> In the summer of 2006, Canonical opened an office in [[Montreal]] to house its global support and services operation.<ref name=model>Shankland, Stephen. [http://www.news.com/Canonical-seeks-profit-from-free-Ubuntu/2100-7344_3-6123249.html Canonical seeks profit from free Ubuntu], ''C|NET'', 2006-10-06. Retrieved on 2007-10-19.</ref> [[Taipei 101]] is also home to a Canonical office.<ref>http://www.flickr.com/photos/37452853@N00/3479931232/</ref> There is also an OEM team in [[Lexington, Massachusetts]].<ref name="staff_offices">{{cite web|url=http://www.ubuntu.com/devices/android|title=UBuntu for Android|publisher=Canonical Ltd.|accessdate=2012-02-21|quote=We have over 500 staff in more than 30 countries, with offices in London, Boston, Taipei, Montreal, Shanghai, and São Paulo. }}</ref>
Notable current employees of Canonical include:
* [[Mark Shuttleworth]], founder of the [[Ubuntu (operating system)|Ubuntu]] project, former [[Debian]] maintainer of [[Apache HTTP Server|Apache]] and founder of [[Thawte|Thawte Consulting]] (2004–). CEO until March 2010.
* [[Jane Silber]], CEO since March 2010; formerly COO and leader of the [[Ubuntu One]] project
* [[Jono Bacon]], Ubuntu community leader (2006–)
* [[Stuart Langridge]] (2009–)
* [[John D. Bernard]], responsible for all major marketing deployments (2009–)
Notable past employees:
* [[Ben Collins (programmer)|Ben Collins]], former [[List of Debian Project Leaders|Debian Project Leader]] and kernel developer (2006–2009)
* [[Dave Miller (software developer)|Dave Miller]], known for [[Bugzilla]], employee no. 1 (2004)
* [[Jeff Waugh]], employee no. 3, [[GNOME]] and [[Planet aggregator]] developer, Business Development (2004–2006)
* [[Benjamin Mako Hill]], core developer and community coordinator (2004–2005)
* [[Ian Jackson]], developer of [[dpkg]] and former [[List of Debian Project Leaders|Debian Project Leader]] (2005–2007)
* [[Lars Wirzenius]], first contributor to the [[Linux kernel]] and [[Linus Torvalds]]' former office mate (2007–2009)
* [[Scott James Remnant]], formerly a Debian and GNU maintainer of [[GNU Libtool]] and co-author of the [[Planet aggregator]] (2004–2011).<ref>Remnant, Scott James, [http://netsplit.com/2011/01/11/leaving-canonical/ Leaving Canonical], accessed 2011-01-22</ref>
* [[Matt Zimmerman (technologist)|Matt Zimmerman]], formerly of the [[Debian]] security team. Worked at Canonical as Ubuntu Chief Technical Officer (2004–2011).<ref>http://blog.canonical.com/?p=566</ref>