「利用者:JungleCrow/sandbox」の版間の差分

編集の要約なし
最初の受賞者はイギリス人音楽家の[[ポール・マッカートニー]]と[[バルト三国]]である。受賞者は毎年[[ストックホルム・コンサートホール]]でスウェーデン国王[[カール16世グスタフ (スウェーデン王)|カール16世グスタフ]]より賞金100万[[スウェーデン・クローナ|kr]](2017年のレートで約1300万円)を与えられる<ref>https://www.google.com/search?q=krona+to+dollar&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8</ref>。ポーラー音楽賞はスウェーデンで最も名誉ある音楽賞だと見做されている<ref name="CBC">{{cite news|title=Morricone, Bjork win 2010 Polar Music Prize|publisher=CBC News|date=2010-5-17|url=http://www.cbc.ca/news/entertainment/morricone-bjork-win-2010-polar-music-prize-1.898513|accessdate=2010-10-24}}</ref>。賞はスティーグ・アンダーソン音楽賞財団により監修され、財団はアンダーソンの家族とSKAP(スウェーデンのソングライター・作曲家・作詞家・演奏家協会)で構成される<ref name=About/><ref name=committees/>。SKAPとアンダーソン家のメンバーは、ヨーロッパ作曲家作詞家協会など複数の国際的な音楽業界組織より提出されたノミネートリストより賞受賞者を選考する<ref name=About>{{cite web|url=http://www.polarmusicprize.org/home/about-the-prize/about/|title=About|publisher=Polar Music Prize|accessdate=2014-1-3|deadurl=yes|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20121020165248/http://www.polarmusicprize.org/home/about-the-prize/about/|archivedate=2012-10-20|df=dmy-all}}</ref><ref name=committees>{{cite web|url=http://www.polarmusicprize.org/about-the-prize/the-award-committee/|title=The Award Committee|publisher=Polar Music Prize|accessdate=2011-1-31|deadurl=yes|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20111010175325/http://www.polarmusicprize.org/about-the-prize/the-award-committee/|archivedate=2011-10-10|df=dmy-all}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.polarmusicprize.org/home/about-the-prize/nominations/|title=Nominations|publisher=Polar Music Prize|accessdate=2014-1-3|deadurl=yes|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20121020164812/http://www.polarmusicprize.org/home/about-the-prize/nominations/|archivedate=2012-10-20|df=dmy-all}}</ref>。
 
== Laureates受賞者 ==
[[File:Paul McCartney black and white 2010.jpg|thumb|right|ポール・マッカートニーは最初の受賞者(1992年)で授賞式に欠席した2人の受賞者のうちの1人である(もう1人はチャック・ベリー)。]]
[[File:Paul McCartney black and white 2010.jpg|thumb|right|Paul McCartney was the first winner in 1992 and one of two people (the other being Chuck Berry) who didn't receive the award in person.|alt=A serious, standing man holding his guitar with his left hand and placing his other hand on his left arm]]
[[File:Lutoslawski3.jpg|thumb|right|ヴィトルト・ルトスワフスキはクラシック音楽家の最初の受賞者(1993年)。]]
[[File:Lutoslawski3.jpg|thumb|right|Witold Lutosławski was the first classical musician to win the award in 1993.|alt=A smiling man crossing his legs and placing his left arm on the styre]]
[[File:Joni Mitchell 1983.jpg|thumb|right|Joni Mitchell was the first female award recipient in 1996.ジョニ・ミッチェルは女性の最初の受賞者(1996年)。|alt=A woman holding her guitar while looking at it]]
[[File:LedZeppelinmontage.jpg|thumb|right|イギリスのバンドであるレッド・ツェッペリンは最初の音楽グループの受賞者(2006年)。]]
[[File:LedZeppelinmontage.jpg|thumb|right|The English band Led Zeppelin became the first musical group to win the award in 2006.|alt=A montage of four musicians; from upper left to bottom right: A man with curly hair, a man with moustache looking at his drums, a short-haired man looking to the right, a curly-haired man singing with a microphone]]
[[File:Bob Moog3.jpg|thumb|right|ロバート・モーグは最初の発明家の受賞者(2001年)で、シンセサイザー・ミニモーグで知られる。]]
[[File:Bob Moog3.jpg|thumb|right|Robert Moog became the first inventor to win the award for the synthesizer MiniMoog in 2001.|alt=An elderly man standing on the right, alongside his three inventions]]
[[File:Polar Music Prize 2005 - Gilberto Gil and Carl XVI Gustaf.jpg|thumb|right|Gilberto Gil - the winner in the contemporary category in ジルベルト・ジルは2005, receives the prize from King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden年に現代音楽部門で、スウェーデンのカール16世グスタフより受賞した。]]
[[File:Morricone at United Nations HQ.jpg|thumb|right|Ennio Morricone – the only film composer to win the award in 2010エンニオ・モリコーネは映画音楽の作曲家で唯一の受賞者である(2010年)。]]
[[File:Björk performing at Cirque en Chantier 1 edit.jpg|thumb|right|Björk&nbsp;– the winner in the contemporary category in ビョークは2010年の現代音楽部門の受賞者。]]
[[File:Kronos Quartet by Sachyn Mital.jpg|thumb|right|Kronos Quartet&nbsp;– winners in the classical category in クロノス・クァルテットは2011年のクラシック音楽部門の受賞者。]]
[[File:Patti Smith (Haldern Pop Festival 2014) IMGP4121 smial wp.jpg|thumb|right|Patti Smith&nbsp;– the winner in the contemporary category in パティ・スミスは2011年の現代音楽部門の受賞者。]]
[[File:Paul Simon 2007.jpg|thumb|right|Paul Simon&nbsp;– the winner in the contemporary category in ポール・サイモンは2012|alt=A man playing guitar on stage with a band年の現代音楽部門の受賞者。]]
[[File:Yo-Yo Ma - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting Davos 2008.jpg|thumb|right|Yo-Yo Ma&nbsp;– the winner in the classical category in ヨーヨー・マは2012|alt=A man playing on a cello, with his eyes closed and his body visible on a large screen年のクラシック音楽部門の受賞者。]]
 
{| class="sortable wikitable plainrowheaders" border="1" style="text-align:center;"
|-
! scope="col" style="width:1%; style="background-color:#a4d3ee;"|Year
! scope="col" style="width:10%; style="background-color:#a4d3ee;"|Recipient受賞者
! scope="col" style="width:10%; background-color:#a4d3ee;"| Nationality
! scope="col" class="unsortable" style="width:87%; background-color:#a4d3ee;"| Reason受賞理由
! scope="col" class="unsortable" style="width:5%; background-color:#a4d3ee;"|Ref補足
|-
!scope=row| 1992
| [[ポール・マッカートニー]]
| {{sortname|Paul|McCartney}}
| [[イギリス]]
| United Kingdom
|style="text-align:left"|
"...for his creativity and imagination as a composer and artist which has revitalized popular music worldwide over the last 30 years."
|-
!scope=row| 1992
| [[Baltic statesバルト三国]]
| バルト三国([[エストニア]]、[[ラトビア]]、[[リトアニア]])
| the Baltic states (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania)
|style="text-align:left"|
"...to support their national music culture, as a nucleus for the formation of performing rights societies in international co-operation."
|-
!scope=row| 1993
| [[ディジー・ガレスピー]]
| {{sortname|Dizzy|Gillespie}}
| [[アメリカ合衆国]]
| United States
|style="text-align:left"|
"...Closely familiar with the origins and roots of jazz, and perceiving its fertile development out of a variety of musical cultures, Dizzy Gillespie came on the scene, almost half a century ago, as a revolutionary innovator."
|-
!scope=row| 1993
| [[ヴィトルト・ルトスワフスキ]]
| {{sortname|Witold|Lutosławski}}
| [[ポーランド]]
| Poland
|style="text-align:left"|
"...one of the pioneers of contemporary European art music."
|-
!scope=row| 1994
| [[クインシー・ジョーンズ]]
| {{sortname|Quincy|Jones}}
| アメリカ合衆国
| United States
|style="text-align:left"|
"...a boundary-transcending musical magician"
|-
!scope=row| 1994
| [[ニコラウス・アーノンクール]]
| {{sortname|Nikolaus|Harnoncourt}}
| [[オーストリア]]
| Austria
|style="text-align:left"|
"...ranks today as a pioneer of the revival of interest, ... But he is also an independent ground-breaker who is constantly discovering new dimensions of the classics."
|-
!scope=row| 1995
| [[エルトン・ジョン]]
| {{sortname|Elton|John}}
| イギリス
| United Kingdom
|style="text-align:left"|
"...a central figure in the popular music crucible of the 70s and 80s and, eventually, an eccentric mega-star with a big output of successful hits with a worldwide response from a broadbased public."
|-
!scope=row| 1995
| [[ムスティスラフ・ロストロポーヴィチ]]
| {{sortname|Mstislav|Rostropovich}}
| [[ロシア]]
| Russia
|style="text-align:left"|
"...for a unique artistic achievement distinguished by originality, independence, fluency and vigour of interpretation and instrumental mastery."
|-
!scope=row| 1996
| [[ジョニ・ミッチェル]]
| {{sortname|Joni|Mitchell}}
| [[カナダ]]
| Canada
|style="text-align:left"|
"...In a long career of prolific and many-sided artistry, she has combined the roles of composer, lyric writer, vocal artist and musician with an impressive array of 'first instruments'."
|-
!scope=row| 1996
| [[ピエール・ブーレーズ]]
| {{sortname|Pierre|Boulez}}
| [[フランス]]
| France
|style="text-align:left"|
"...His profound musicality, clear intelligence and unusual farsightedness have enabled him to act in a wider field than the great majority. Thus he has occupied the forefront as composer, interpreter/conductor and eminent theorist, and he has made unique contributions as a debater and source of ideas."
|-
!scope=row| 1997
| [[ブルース・スプリングスティーン]]
| {{sortname|Bruce|Springsteen}}
| アメリカ合衆国
| United States
|style="text-align:left"|
"...for an outstanding career as singer and stage performer."
|-
!scope=row| 1997
| [[エリック・エリクソン (合唱指揮者)|エリック・エリクソン]]
| {{sortname|Eric|Ericson}}
| [[スウェーデン]]
| Sweden
|style="text-align:left"|
"...for pioneering achievements as a conductor, teacher, artistic originator and inspirer in Swedish and international choral music."
|-
!scope=row| 1998
| [[レイ・チャールズ]]
| {{sortname|Ray|Charles}}
| アメリカ合衆国
| United States
|style="text-align:left"|
"...one of the leading figures of soul music and an important stylistic innovator with an unusual diversity of musical roots ... a man whose presence, ever since the 1950s, has been perceptible behind generations of innumerable pop musicians and singers."
|-
!scope=row| 1998
| [[ラヴィ・シャンカル]]
| {{sortname|Ravi|Shankar}}
| [[インド]]
| India
|style="text-align:left"|
"...for nearly six decades of achievement as a brilliant performer and explorer of his country's art music and at the same time a leading representative and communicator to western civilisation of the musical traditions of the Orient."
|-
!scope=row| 1999
| [[スティーヴィー・ワンダー]]
| {{sortname|Stevie|Wonder}}
| アメリカ合衆国
| United States
|style="text-align:left"|
"...for a unique career as a singer, composer and stage artist."
|-
!scope=row| 1999
| [[ヤニス・クセナキス]]
| {{sortname|Iannis|Xenakis}}
| [[ギリシャ]]
| Greece
|style="text-align:left"|
"...for a long succession of forceful works, charged with sensitivity, commitment and passion, ... exercising within its various fields an influence which cannot be readily overstated."
|-
!scope=row| 2000
| [[ボブ・ディラン]]
| {{sortname|Bob|Dylan}}
| アメリカ合衆国
| United States
|style="text-align:left"|
"...his achievements encompass almost four decades of constantly changing modes of creativity, always innovative, but always based on American musical traditions and roots."
|-
!scope=row| 2000
| [[アイザック・スターン]]
| {{sortname|Isaac|Stern}}
| アメリカ合衆国
| United States
|style="text-align:left"|
"...for a unique and consummate artistry distinguished by a personal musicianship without compare for over half a century, for his pioneering achievement on behalf of young people the world over, for his patient and energetic commitment to preserving and developing places where music is played, and for his uncompromising attitude concerning the humanistic power of music."
|-
!scope=row| 2001
| [[バート・バカラック]]
| {{sortname|Burt|Bacharach}}
| アメリカ合衆国
| United States
|style="text-align:left"|
"...Bacharach has been a principal player on the international music scene since his debut in the late 1950's, producing a host of timeless classics stemming from his infallible feeling for powerful, memorable and unmistakably personal melodies and for brilliantly designed harmony."
|-
!scope=row| 2001
| [[ロバート・モーグ]]
| {{sortname|Robert|Moog}}
| アメリカ合衆国
| United States
|style="text-align:left"|
"...for his design of the MiniMoog, the first compact, easy-to-use synthesizer, which paved the way to the realm of electronic sounds that has revolutionised all genres of music during the past half-century."
|-
!scope=row| 2002
| [[ミリアム・マケバ]]
| {{sortname|Miriam|Makeba}}
| [[南アフリカ共和国]]
| South Africa
|style="text-align:left"|
"...Miriam Makeba embodied the concept of world music long before the term even existed on the musical map. In the 1960s, her expressive voice drew attention to the musical riches of the African continent."
|-
!scope=row| 2002
| [[ソフィア・グバイドゥーリナ]]
| {{sortname|Sofia|Gubaidulina}}
| ロシア
| Russia
|style="text-align:left"|
"...whose intensely expressive and deeply personal musical idiom has the ability to speak to an ever-growing audience of listeners all over the world."
|-
!scope=row| 2003
| [[キース・ジャレット]]
| {{sortname|Keith|Jarrett}}
| アメリカ合衆国
| United States
|style="text-align:left"|
"...for his outstanding musical contributions in fields as diverse as classical interpretation and jazz improvisation."
|-
!scope=row| 2004
| [[B.B. Kingキング]]
| アメリカ合衆国
| United States
|style="text-align:left"|
"...for his significant contributions to the blues."
|-
!scope=row| 2004
| [[リゲティ・ジェルジュ]]
| {{sortname|György|Ligeti}}
| [[ハンガリー]]
| Hungary
|style="text-align:left"|
"...for stretching the boundaries of the musically conceivable, from mind-expanding sounds to new astounding processes, in a thoroughly personal style that embodies both inquisitiveness and imagination."
|-
!scope=row| 2005
| [[ジルベルト・ジル]]
| {{sortname|Gilberto|Gil}}
| [[ブラジル]]
| Brazil
|style="text-align:left"|
"...for his unflinching creative engagement in bringing to the world the heart and soul of the rich music of Brazil."
|-
!scope=row| 2005
| [[ディートリヒ・フィッシャー=ディースカウ]]
| {{sortname|Dietrich|Fischer-Dieskau}}
| [[ドイツ]]
| Germany
|style="text-align:left"|
"...for his unique artistry in every area of classical singing and for his unparalleled achievements as a penetrating and innovative interpreter of art songs in the German language."
|-
!scope=row| 2006
| [[レッド・ツェッペリン]]
| [[Led Zeppelin]]
| イギリス
| United Kingdom
|style="text-align:left"|
"...one of the great pioneers of rock."
|-
!scope=row| 2006
| [[ヴァレリー・ゲルギエフ]]
| {{sortname|Valery|Gergiev}}
| ロシア
| Russia
|style="text-align:left"|
"...for the way his unique, electrifying musical skills have deepened and renewed our relationship with the grand tradition; and for how he has managed to develop and amplify the importance of artistic music in these modern, changing times."
|-
!scope=row| 2007
| [[ソニー・ロリンズ]]
| {{sortname|Sonny|Rollins}}
| アメリカ合衆国
| United States
|style="text-align:left"|
"...Sonny Rollins has elevated the unaccompanied solo to the highest artistic level&nbsp;– all characterised by a distinctive and powerful sound, irresistible swing and an individual musical sense of humour."
|-
!scope=row| 2007
| [[スティーヴ・ライヒ]]
| {{sortname|Steve|Reich}}
| アメリカ合衆国
| United States
|style="text-align:left"|
"...The award recognises his unique ability to use repeats, canon technique and minimal variation of patterns to develop an entire universe of evocative music, endowed with immediate tonal beauty."
|-
!scope=row| 2008
| [[ピンク・フロイド]]
| [[Pink Floyd]]
| イギリス
| United Kingdom
|style="text-align:left"|
"...for their monumental contribution over the decades to the fusion of art and music in the development of popular culture."
|-
!scope=row| 2008
| [[ルネ・フレミング]]
| {{sortname|Renée|Fleming}}
| アメリカ合衆国
| United States
|style="text-align:left"|
"...in recognition of her sublime unparalleled voice and unique stylistic versatility. [People] have been dazzled by the beauty of her soft and natural voice."
|-
!scope=row| 2009
| [[ピーター・ガブリエル]]
| {{sortname|Peter|Gabriel}}
| イギリス
| United Kingdom
|style="text-align:left"|
"...for his ground-breaking, outward-looking and boundary-busting artistry."
|-
!scope=row| 2009
| [[ホセ・アントニオ・アブレウ]]と[[エル・システマ]]
| {{sortname|José Antonio|Abreu}} & [[El Sistema]]
| [[ベネズエラ]]
| Venezuela
|style="text-align:left"|
"... Abreu created the music network El Sistema, which has given hundreds of thousands the tools to leave poverty. José Antonio Abreu's successful creation has promoted traditional values, like respect, fellowship and humanity."
|-
!scope=row| 2010
| [[Björkビョーク]]
| [[アイスランド]]
| Iceland
|style="text-align:left"|
"...With her deeply personal music and lyrics, her precise arrangements and her unique voice, Björk has already made an indelible mark on pop music and modern culture at large [...]."
|-
!scope=row| 2010
| [[エンニオ・モリコーネ]]
| {{sortname|Ennio|Morricone}}
| [[イタリア]]
| Italy
|style="text-align:left"|
"...Ennio Morricone's congenial compositions and arrangements lift our existence to another plane, making the mundane feel like dramatic scenes in full Cinemascope."
|-
!scope=row| 2011
| [[クロノス・クァルテット]]
| [[Kronos Quartet]]
| アメリカ合衆国
| United States
|style="text-align:left"|
"...For almost 40 years, the Kronos Quartet has been revolutionizing the potential of the string quartet genre when it comes to both style and content."
|-
!scope=row| 2011
| [[パティ・スミス]]
| {{sortname|Patti|Smith}}
| アメリカ合衆国
| United States
|style="text-align:left"|
"...Patti Smith has demonstrated how much rock'n'roll there is in poetry and how much poetry there is in rock'n'roll."
|-
!scope=row| 2012
| [[ポール・サイモン]]
| {{sortname|Paul|Simon}}
| アメリカ合衆国
| United States
|style="text-align:left"|
"...Nobody else is more deserving of the epithet of "world-class songwriter." For five decades, Paul Simon has built bridges not only over troubled waters but over entire oceans by (re)joining the world's continents with his music."
|-
!scope=row| 2012
| [[Yo-Yo Maヨーヨー・マ]]
| アメリカ合衆国
| United States
|style="text-align:left"|
"...Yo-Yo Ma has dedicated his virtuosity and his heart to journeys of musical exploration and discovery around the world."
|-
!scope=row| 2013
| [[ユッスー・ンドゥール]]
| [[Youssou N’Dour]]
| [[セネガル]]
| Senegal
|style="text-align:left"|
"...Youssou N’Dour is maintaining the griot tradition and has shown that it can also be changed into a narrative about the entire world. ... His voice encompasses an entire continent’s history and future, blood and love, dreams and power."
|-
!scope=row| 2013
| [[カイヤ・サーリアホ]]
| [[Kaija Saariaho]]
| [[フィンランド]]
| Finland
|style="text-align:left"|
"...Kaija Saariaho combines acoustic instruments with electronics and computers. She has written chamber music, orchestral works and operas. Kaija Saariaho is a modern maestro who opens up our ears and causes their anvils and stirrups to fall in love."
|-
!scope=row| 2014
| [[チャック・ベリー]]
| [[Chuck Berry]]
| アメリカ合衆国
| United States
|style="text-align:left"|
"...Chuck Berry was the rock’n’roll pioneer who turned the electric guitar into the main instrument of rock music."
|-
!scope=row| 2014
| [[ピーター・セラーズ (演出家)|ピーター・セラーズ]]
| [[Peter Sellars]]
| アメリカ合衆国
| United States
|style="text-align:left"|
"...Peter Sellars shows us that classical music is not about dusty sheet music and metronomic precision, but that classical music, with its violent power and complexity, has fundamentally always been and will continue to be a way of reflecting and depicting the world."
|-
!scope=row| 2015
| [[エミルー・ハリス]]
| [[Emmylou Harris]]
| アメリカ合衆国
| United States
|style="text-align:left"|
"The music of Emmylou Harris contains the history and topography of the entire American continent."
|-
!scope=row| 2015
| [[エヴェリン・グレニー]]
| [[Evelyn Glennie]]
| イギリス
| United Kingdom
|style="text-align:left"|
"Evelyn Glennie shows us that the body is a resonance chamber and that we live in a universe of sound."
|-
!scope=row| 2016
| [[マックス・マーティン]]
| [[Max Martin]]
| スウェーデン
| Sweden
|style="text-align:left"|
"In the last 20 years, no composer in the world has written melodies as sustainable or as widespread as those of Max Martin"
|-
!scope=row| 2016
| [[チェチーリア・バルトリ]]
| [[Cecilia Bartoli]]
| イタリア
| Italy
|style="text-align:left"|
"Cecilia Bartoli adds new chapters to the history of music, builds bridges between centuries and deepens our understanding of Europe’s cultural heritage"
|-
!scope=row| 2017
| [[スティング (ミュージシャン)|スティング]]
| [[Sting (musician)|Sting]]
| イギリス
| United Kingdom
|style="text-align:left"|
"As a composer, Sting has combined classic pop with virtuoso musicianship and an openness to all genres and sounds from around the world."
|-
!scope=row| 2017
| [[ウェイン・ショーター]]
| [[Wayne Shorter]]
| アメリカ合衆国
| United States
|style="text-align:left"|
"[...]he has written a number of the most enduring compositions in the history of jazz. Without the musical explorations of Wayne Shorter, modern music would not have drilled so deep."
|-
!scope=row| 2018
| [[アフガニスタン国立音楽学院]]と[[アフマド・サルマスト]]
| [[Afghanistan National Institute of Music]] and [[Ahmad Naser Sarmast|Ahmad Sarmast]]
| [[アフガニスタン]]
| Afghanistan
|style="text-align:left"|
"...in recognition of how this inspirational organization has used the power of music to transform young people’s lives."
|-
!scope=row| 2018
| [[Metallicaメタリカ]]
| アメリカ合衆国
| United States
|style="text-align:left"|
"Not since Wagner’s emotional turmoil and Tchaikovsky’s cannons has anyone created music that is so physical and furious, and yet still so accessible."