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[[File:Herod Archelaus.jpg|300px|thumb|[[Herodian coinage|Coin of Herod Archelausヘロデ・アルケラオスのコイン]]]]
'''Herod Archelausヘロデ・アルケラオス''' ({{Lang-el|Ἡρώδης Ἀρχέλαος}}, ''Hērōdēs Archelaos''; 23 BC &ndash; c. 18 AD) was [[ethnarch]]<ref>[[Josephus]], ''[[Antiquities of the Jews|Antiquities]]'' (book 17, chapter 11, verse 4).</ref><ref>{{cite book|last1=Shatzman|first1=Israel|title=The Armies of the Hasmonaeans and Herod: From Hellenistic to Roman Frameworks|date=1991|publisher=Mohr Siebeck|isbn=978-3161456176|page=129|url=https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=XniFgiw15zQC&pg=PA129&dq=Herod+Archelaus+KIng&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwifjozfz7LPAhXKXhoKHQo6ARcQ6AEILTAD#v=onepage&q=Herod%20Archelaus%20KIng&f=false|accessdate=28 September 2016}}</ref> of [[Samaria]], [[Judea]], and Idumea (biblical [[Edom]]), including the cities [[Caesarea Maritima|Caesarea]] and [[Jaffa]], for a period of nine years<ref>[[Josephus]], ''[[Wars of the Jews]]'' (book 2, chapter 7, verse 3).</ref> (c. 4 BC to 6 AD). Archelaus was removed by Roman Emperor [[Augustus]] when [[Iudaea Province|Judaea province]] was formed under direct Roman rule, at the time of the [[Census of Quirinius]]. He was the son of [[Herod the Great]] and [[Malthace]] the Samaritan, and was the brother of [[Herod Antipas]], and the half-brother of [[Herod II]]. Archelaus (a name meaning "leading the people") came to power after the death of his father Herod the Great in 4 BC, and ruled over one-half of the territorial dominion of his father.