「海軍元帥 (ソ連)」の版間の差分

編集の要約なし
'''海軍元帥'''(かいぐんげんすい、露:'''Адмирал флота'''、英:Admiral of the Fleet)は、[[1940年]]から[[1955年]]までのソビエト連邦海軍の最高階級であり、[[1962年]]からは最高位に次ぐ階級。
 
この階級には、かなり紛らわしい歴史がある。[[元帥_(ソ連)|陸軍元帥]]と同等の階級として、1940年[[最高会議]]幹部会の決議により創設された。しかし、[[1944年]][[イワン・イサコフ]]と[[ニコライ・クズネツォフ]]がこの階級に昇進するまで、任命される者はなかった。
The rank has rather confusing history. It was first created by the Decree of the [[Presidium of the Supreme Soviet]] in 1940 as an equivalent to [[General of the Army (USSR)|General of the Army]], but was not used until [[1944]], when [[Ivan Isakov]] and [[Nikolai Kuznetsov]] were promoted to the rank.
 
The [[1944]] insigniga featured four [[Nakhimov]] stars, but when the rank was declared equivalent to the [[Marshal of the Soviet Union]] in [[1945]], they were replaced with one bigger star so to look similar to Marshal's shoulder boards and the two existing Admirals of the Fleet were given a 'big' ''[[Marshal's Star]]''. So from 1945 to 1962, there was no intermediate rank equivalent to Generals of the Army in between [[Admiral]] and Admiral of the Fleet.