m (robot Adding: ga:Soc)
[[Pipe nozzle]]s are typically connections to tanks or pumps. They have characteristic entrance and exit pressure losses for fluid flow and have inherent structural features with respect to the tank, pump or equipment to which they are attached. Specific characteristics of entrance and exit losses can be found in the Crane "Flow of Fluids" Technical Paper No. 410 (often referred to as the Crane 410, see link: http://www.tp410.com/). Pipe nozzles may be flanged, butt weld end, or threaded connections. They typically have a load limit (force and stress) which is calculated in a [[finite element analysis]] program such as [[Caesar II]] or [[ANSYS]].