- ^ Barrie Macdonald (1982). Cinderellas of the Empire: towards a history of Kiribati and Tuvalu. Australian National University Press. ISBN 982-02-0335-X 2009年10月14日閲覧。.
- ^ Samuel Eliot Morison (1944年5月22日). “The Gilberts & Marshalls: A distinguished historian recalls the past of two recently captured pacific groups”. Life magazine 2009年10月14日閲覧. "Being now abreast of this island, the extremity ending in a beautiful clump of trees, I hauled up to look at the bay. It appeared to be safe and commodious, sheltered by a long reef running parallel with the island, with two large inlets into the bay. The reef is about 3/4 of a mile from the beach, and has several small islands which appear like flower pots."