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モーデカイ・キュービット・クック

Mordecai Cubitt Cooke 1905年頃

モーデカイ・キュービット・クック(Mordecai Cubitt Cooke、1825年7月12日1914年11月12日)は、イギリス植物学者菌類学者である[1][2][3][4]

略歴編集

ノーフォークのホーニングの商人の家に生まれた。繊維商の見習いとして働いた後、法律事務所の事務員になるが、植物学への興味から、1862年にアマチュア植物クラブを創立し、ランベスの公立学校で博物学を教え、インド省のインド博物館で1860年から学芸員として働いた。1879年にインド博物館の植物標本がキューガーデン(王立植物園)に移されることになった時、クックもキューガーデンに移った。

1965年から1893年の間、エドワード・ステップと学生や植物愛好家の交流と科学読み物を提供する月刊の科学雑誌、Hardwicke's Science Gossipを発行し、1872年から1894年の間、隠花植物、菌類の研究誌、Grevilleaの編集を行った。

1902年に王立園芸協会のヴィクトリア名誉メダルを受賞し、1903年にロンドン・リンネ協会リンネ・メダルを受賞した。菌類の研究で、アメリカ合衆国セント・ローレンス大学イェール大学ニューヨーク大学から名誉学位を受けた。

著作編集

  • The Seven Sisters of Sleep. Popular history of the seven prevailing narcotics of the world, James Blackwood, London, 1860
  • A Manual of Structural Botany: for the use of classes, schools, & private students ... With upwards of 200 illustrations by Ruffle, Robert Hardwicke, London, 1861, Neuauflage 1877
  • A Manual of Botanic Terms ... With illustrations, Robert Hardwicke, London, 1862, new edition in 1873
  • The fungi of Brazil, including those collected by J. W. H. Trail in 1874, in: The Journal of the Linnean Society, Botany 1877.
  • A Plain and Easy Account of British Fungi: with descriptions of the esculent and poisonous species ... With twenty-four coloured plates, Robert Hardwicke, London, 1862, 6. Auflage 1898
  • Index Fungorum Britannicorum. A complete list of fungi found in the British Islands to the present date, etc., Robert Hardwicke, London, 1863
  • Our Reptiles. A plain and easy account of the lizards, snakes, newts, toads, frogs, and tortoises indigenous to Great Britain. With original figures of every species, and numerous woodcuts, Robert Hardwicke, London, 1865, Neuausgabe 1893 W.H. Allen & Co., London
  • Rust, smut, mildew, & mould. An introduction to the study of microscopic fungi, Robert Hardwicke, London, 1865, Neuauflage 1886
  • A Fern Book for Everybody. Containing all the British ferns. With the foreign species suitable for a fernery (Robert Hardwicke, London, 1867)
  • One Thousand Objects for the Microscope, etc., Robert Hardwicke, London, 1869, Neuauflage 1895
  • mit Miles Joseph Berkeley: Handbook of British Fungi, with full descriptions of all the species and illustrations of the genera, 2 Bände, Macmillan & Co., London & New York, 1871, Neuauflage 1883, Biodiversity Library
  • Report on the Gums, Resins, Oleo-Resins, and Resinous Products in the India Museum, or produced in India. Prepared under the direction of the Reporter on the Products of India, London, 1874
  • Fungi: their nature, influence, and uses, London, 1875, 4. Auflage 1895, Neuausgabe 1920, Project Gutenberg
  • Report on the Oil Seeds and Oils in the India Museum, or produced in India. Prepared under the direction of the Reporter on the Products of India, London, 1876
  • The Woodlands, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, London, 1879
  • Mycographia, seu Icones fungorum. Figures of fungi from all parts of the world, drawn and illustrated by M. C. Cooke, Williamsz & Norgate, London, 1875 and 1879
  • Ponds and Ditches, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, London, 1880
  • Freaks and Marvels of Plant Life; or, Curiosities of vegetation, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, London, 1881
  • Illustrations of British Fungi... To serve as an atlas to the Handbook of British Fungi, 8 Bände, Williams & Norgate, London, 1881 bis 1891 (1200 Farbtafeln von Cooke, Massee u. a.)
  • British Fresh-Water Algæ. Exclusive of Desmidieæ and Diatomaceæ, etc., 2 Bände, Williams & Norgate, London, 1882–1884
  • British Desmids. A supplement to British Fresh-Water Algæ, etc., Williams & Norgate, London, 1887
  • Toilers in the Sea. A study of marine life, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, London, 1889
  • Introduction to Fresh-Water Algæ with an enumeration of all the British species ... With thirteen plates, etc., London, 1890
  • British Edible Fungi: how to distinguish and how to cook them, etc., Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co., London, 1891
  • Vegetable Wasps and Plant Worms. A popular history of entomogeneous fungi or fungi parasitic upon insects... With... illustrations, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, London, 1892
  • Romance of Low Life amongst Plants. Facts and phenomena of cryptogamic vegetation, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, London, 1893
  • Handbook of British Hepaticae, etc., W. H. Allen & Co., London, 1894
  • Edible and Poisonous Mushrooms, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, London, 1894, 2. Auflage 1902, Archive
  • Down the Lane and back, in search of wild flowers. By Uncle Matt, T. Nelson & Sons, London, 1895
  • Through the Copse. Another ramble after flowers with Uncle Matt, T. Nelson & Sons, London, 1895
  • Around a Cornfield, in a ramble after wild flowers. By Uncle Matt, T. Nelson & Sons, London, 1895
  • Across the Common, after wild flowers. By Uncle Matt, T. Nelson & Sons, London, 1895
  • A Stroll on a Marsh, in search of wild flowers. By Uncle Matt, T. Nelson & Sons, London, 1895
  • Introduction to the Study of Fungi: their organography, classification, and distribution. For the use of collectors, Adam & Charles Black, London, 1895
  • Object-Lesson Handbooks to accompany the Royal Portfolio of Pictures and Diagrams, T. Nelson & Sons, London, 1897–1898
  • Introduction to fresh water algae, K. Paul, 1902
  • Fungoid Pests of Cultivated Plants, Spottiswoode & Co., London, 1906

脚注編集

  1. ^ English, Mary P. (1987), Mordecai Cubitt Cooke: Victorian naturalist, mycologist, teacher & eccentric. Biopress, Bristol, ISBN 0-948737-02-6]
  2. ^ Taylor, George (17 March 1988). “Review: Mordecai Cubitt Cooke by Mary English”. New Scientist: 62. http://books.google.com/books?id=deKuNEwGvscC&pg=PA67. 
  3. ^ “Cooke, Mordecai Cubitt”. Who's Who 59: 377. (1907). http://books.google.com/books?id=yEcuAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA377. 
  4. ^ “Cooke, William Cubitt”. Who's Who 59: 378. (1907). http://books.google.com/books?id=yEcuAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA378.  One of his sons, William Cubitt Cooke (1866–1951), was a book illustrator and watercolour painter, who exhibited at the RBA, the RI and the RA.

参考文献編集

  • Dictionary of British and Irish Botanists and Horticulturists. ISBN 0-85066-843-3. http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=thmPzIltAV8C&oi=fnd&pg=PP11&sig=81UGsCDc1DxLV3JAWviltyHD_bY&dq=%22Mordecai+Cooke%22#PPA166,M1.